Cardiac arrest: Definition, Causes, Risk factors, Complications, Treatment, Diagnosis, Signs and symptoms

Health Health news Uncategorized  Cardiac arrest: Definition, Causes, Risk factors, Complications, Treatment, Diagnosis, Signs and symptoms
When you hear of cardiac arrest, what comes to your mind. Here we are going to have a brief overview of what cafdiac arrest is about and its treatment or let me say management. 
Cardiac arrest is the sudden cessation of the heart beat resulting to ineffective cardiac output and this leads to insufficient blood flow to various organs of the body as well as tissues. 
What are the Causes of cardiac arrest
  1. Myocardial infarction/heart attack
  2. Arrhythmias
  3. Drug poisoning
  4. Electric Shock
  5. Drowning
  6. Anaphylactic reactions
  7. Acute airway obstruction
  8. Following administration of intravenous drugs
  9. Following general anaesthesia

What are the Risk Factors (I mean people that are risk of having cardiac arrest)
  1. Family history of Coronary artery disease
  2. Obesity
  3. Cigarettes smoking
  4. Excessive Alcohol consumption
  5. Living a sedentary lifestyle
  6. High blood pressure
  7. High level of cholesterol in the blood
  8. Diabetes etc

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Cardiac arrest
  1. Palpitation
  2. Absence of pulse beat
  3. Loss of consciousness
  4. Absence of respiration
  5. Absence of audible heart sound
  6. Convulsion
  7. Dilatation of the pupil
  8. Cold and clammy skin
  9. Cyanosis 

What are the complications of Cardiac arrest
  • Irreversible brain damage
  • Anuria (when the kidney is having difficulty in producing urine)
  • Convulsion 

Prevention of cardiac arrest
  • Quit smoking
  • Perform exercise
  • Eat adequate balance diet
  • Rest

How is cardiac arrest Treated

Diagnosis of Cardiac arrest
  • Chest X-ray
  • Electrocardiogram
  • Blood test
  • Echocardiogram etc

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